TABLE OF CONTENTS
MONTAGUE, A ROYAL NAME
ORIGIN AND ANTIQUITY OF THE NAME MONTAGUE
Attention will now be directed to the immediate branch of Montagues, whose descendants peopled America, and whose names will be found in the body of this work.
From the year 1500 to the year 1550, two brothers lived in the County of Buckingham and Parish of Burnham, England. Their names were WILLIAM MONTAGUE, and JOHN MONTAGUE. The younger brother John Montague married Cecily *----*, his will was proved Dec. 26, 1552. His children were Thomas, Edmund, Ursula. Thomas the eldest, called Thomas of Phalley, married Elizabeth *----*. His will was dated Jan. 14, 1599. His sons were Abraham, John of Penn (who married Katty) and Thomas. Abraham the eldest was Vicar of Stokes Poges, Buckinghamshire, in 1620. His will was dated in 1629. He had a daughter Elizabeth, m. to Robert Foord, a son Abraham baptized 29 Jan., 1627, buried 4th Jan., 1628. John of Penn had a son William, who married Agnes, and a daughter Ann, who was married in 1617. The elder brother,
I. WILLIAM MONTAGUE
WILLIAM MONTAGUE, was the ancestor of the Virginia family. He resided at Boveney, parish of Burnham, Buckinghamshire, a hamlet on the Thames, just above Eton college and twenty-three miles from London. He married Joan *----*. His will was proved March 21, 1550. His children were.
(1) William Montague (of Bray), whose son was William Montague of Waldeston, Bucks, (2) Robert, (3) Alice, (4) Katherine
II. ROBERT MONTAGUE
ROBERT MONTAGUE, the second son, married Margaret, dau. of Roger Cotton of Wardville (probably Warfield), Berkshire. He was buried Jan. 10, 1575. He left two sons,
(1) Lawrence, and (2) William
III. LAWRENCE MONTAGUE
Lawrence Montague, the elder, was Vicar of Dorney,1 Buckinghamshire. He m. Joan, dau. of *----* Radcliffe of Wycombe, Bucks.
1 Dorney is 2 ½ miles west of Eton, and was an adjoining manor to Boveney, both of these manors seemed to have been owned by the "Girrard family, and afterward by Charles H. Palmer, whose ancestor, Sir James Palmer, Knight, married the daughter of Sir William Garrard who died in 1607." Lysons Magna Brit. Vol. I, 530. The parish of Burnham was divided into five districts called "liberties," namely Brightwell, Chippenham, Boveney, Wood and East Burnham. After the dissolution of Monasteries by Henry VIII., Boveney was united to the Paules of Braywick. It appears to have been well wooded with trees as it is recorded that much of the timber for building Eton College mostly Elm was obtained there, and at a later date, Lipscombe says, "The woods of Boveney were sufficient for 60 hogs, there was land for one team which was kept there, with one Villein (farmer) and a caracate of pasture which was estimated always at 10 shillings."
His son, Richard Montague, was born about 1578 at Dorney, educated at Eton and King's college, Cambridge. Having entered into holy orders he was presented to the living of Wotten Courtney in Somerset, afterward became rector of Stamford Rivers in Essex. In 1616 he was made Dean of Hereford. In 1628 he was consecrated Bishop of Chichester, and translated in 1638 to the See of Norwich, "Together with his fellowship at Eaton, he held by dispensation a Canonry of Windsor. In the Chapel there, he preached the theological lectures for eight years successively." Wood's Ath. Oxe. He was also for a time Parson of Petworth. He was chaplain to King James I., who remained his firm friend. His published works were numerous. As a churchman, he opposed both Puritans and Roman Catholics. In one of his controversies he wrote a book "Appello Caesarem," for which he was summoned before the House of Commons on a charge of maintaining Arminean and popish errors. He was censured by the Speaker and was obliged to give bail of £2000, for his appearance. His books were ordered to be burned by the common hangman. His bail bond was signed by the Duke of Buckingham and his sister. Though prosecuted by parliament, the King (James) remained his friend and patron and continued to advance him to higher preferments. At Eton college he assisted Sir Henry Savile and in 1610 edited several orations of St. Gregory Nazianzen which were published that year. The history of Eton college says of him, " that he was admitted Fellow in 1613, was connected with the Greek press at Eton, and revised the proof sheets of St. Chrysostom."
Laud describes him as a "very good scholar and a right honest man, a man every way able to do God, his Majesty, and the church of England great service." James I., no mean judge, considered him competent to enter the lists against such formidable opponents as Cardinal Baronius and John Selden, at different times.
The last years of Montague's life were spent in what he describes as the effort "to stand in the gappe against Puritanisme and Popery, the Scilla and Charybdis of ancient piety." A sermon preached by him as Canon of Windsor, before the King in 1621, aroused the suspicions of the Puritan party who accused him of supporting the Invocation of Saints. His vindication of the sermon showed that he was not to be daunted by threats, and he wrote to his friend Cosin: "Me temerarium, that provokes enimyes on all sides, Puritans, Papists, Lawyers, hell and all. 'Dulichii Samiique et quos tulit alta Zacynthus, Turba ruunt in me.'
So you heare, so you say ..... I am redy not only to be bound but suv h ewl to dye for the church. I shall never faile the church of England but usque ad aras do my best to uphold the doctrine and discipline there."
Three years later Montague fell into controversy with the Romanists, in consequence of his having found some of their emissaries attempting to make proselytes in his county parish. Fuller says of him, that "his great parts were attended with a tartness of writing; very sharp the nib of his pen, and much gall mingled in his ink, against such as opposed him. However such the equability of the sharpness of his style, he was impartial therein; be he ancient or modern writer, papist or protestant, that stood in his way, they should all equally taste thereof." In speaking of the Roman "Gag for the new Gospell," Montague says, "answere it I have, bitterly and tartly I confesse, which I did purposely, because the asse deserved so to be rub'd." It so happened however that his mode of conducting the controversy infuriated the Puritans even more than his Romanist antagonists, as he surrendered, without a blow, many positions which had hitherto been warmly contested. Like the earlier English Reformers, he appealed to Holy Scripture as interpreted by the Primitive church and General Councils, but he did so with a wider knowledge of Patristic theology than any of them had possessed. He refused to brand the Pope as Antichrist; he defended the use of the sign of the cross, of images, and of auricular confession; and he maintained high views as to the efficacy of the Sacraments.
Montague was protected from his enemies by the influence of the King and by the dissolution of Parliament. His utter repudiation of Calvanism would at one time, have got him into trouble at Court, but, such is the irony of fate, he was appointed Bishop of Chichester in 1628, on the death of Carleton. This was four years after his resignation of the Eton Fellowship.
He was an excellent scholar, and Selden himself, his great antagonist, owns him to have been a man well skilled in ancient learning. He died of the ague, April 13, 1641, and was buried in his own Cathedral at Norwich. He had a son Richard, and a daughter married to D. Stokes, D. D. They had a son Richard Stokes, M. D.
IV. WILLIAM MONTAGUE
WILLIAM MONTAGUE, second son of Robert, and brother of Lawrence, married Margaret, dau. of John Malthouse of Binfield, Berkshire. Their children were:
(1) William Montague of Boveney, M. A., and fellow of King's college, Cambridge. He left Eton college and succeeded to the estate at Boveney, 1581, and was living in 1634. (2) Elizabeth, who married Richard Burns, or Barns, of Winkfield,2 Berkshire. (3) Anne, who married first Edward Smith, second Daniel Ballard. (4) George, who married Susan Norris. (5) Peter.
2 In the village of Winkfield, six miles southwest of Windsor in Berkshire, in the Parish church is a tablet with a figure engraved on brass of an aged man distributing bread to the poor. In memory of Thomas Montague, Yeoman of the guard, who died in 1630 aged 92 years. Lysons Magna Brit. Vol. I, p. 438.
V. PETER MONTAGUE
PETER MONTAGUE, fifth and youngest son of William No. III., married Elanor, dau. of William Allen of Burnham, Bucks. Their children were:
(1) William, (who had three sons, George, William and Robert.) (2) Peter Montague, who went to Virginia in America. (3) Richard Montague, who went to New England in America. (4) Robert. (5) Elizabeth. (6) Anne. (7) Margaret.
A chart3 of this pedigree accompanies this work. This family in England are called the Boveney and Dorney Montagues, and their Coat of Arms is blazoned, "Argent three fusils in fess gules between three pellets (or ogresses)." A plate, representing a correct copy of these arms, accompanies this work.
3 While that portion of the Pedigree from Drogo down to the first Earl of Salisbury was obtained through the researches of the writer, the other portion from William Montague, whose will was proved A. D. 1550, down to Richard and Peter who went to America, was obtained by Mr. William H. Montague of Boston - one of the founders, and for many years Secretary of the New England Historical and Genealogical Society, to whose early labors, in behalf of this work, which date back as far as 1847, the American family must ever be indebted. For he employed at considerable expense H. G. Somerby, Esq., an eminent genealogist, and an American resident in London, who made verbatim copy of the Pedigree of this family from 1550 from the Records in the Herald's College, London, and also went to Boveney, Buckinghamshire, and compared and copied the Parish Records, thus bringing the pedigree down to the year 1634.
It will be noticed that the arms of the Boveney family are the same as the arms of Sir Simon Montacute who signed the Baron's letter (compare plates of both arms), except that to the former there have been added three ogresses.
The ogresses may have been added for difference in family, or they may (as it has been expressed by a gentleman in London who bears the name) have been added to mark some deed done at some time, such as a large donation of land to the church, as the church at Boveney bears such a record.
Perhaps they may have been added as a part of the maternal arms of William Montague, son of Robert, for his mother was Margaret, dau. of Roger Cotton. And the Arms of one family of Cotton were, "Argent a bend Sable between three ogresses."
Whatever may have been the origin of these pellets, the fact still remains, that the Boveney family bear the Arms of Sir Simon Montague of A. D. 1300, which Arms were also borne by his son lord William Montacute and by his grandson the first Earl of Salisbury.
Heraldry, or more properly Armory, is the short hand of History, its purpose was to identify persons and property and to record descent and alliance. Hundreds of persons may be entitled to the same initials, may possess precisely the same names; but only the members of a particular family can lawfully bear certain armorial ensigns, and the various branches of even that family have their separate differences to distinguish one from the other.
The Boveney family bear the same name as the descendants of Drogo.
They were residing in A. D. 1500 in the same locality and county of England where the descendants of Drogo had held possession and manors in A. D. 1400 and for centuries before.
They bear the same Arms which alone would seem to silently but surely denote that they are a branch of the same family. Where and when the separation took place is not known, but it would seem probable that the Boveney branch left the main stem, after the year 1300 and before the year 1400, or between those dates, for their Coat of Arms was not in existence until adopted by Sir Simon Montacute A. D. 1300, and had they separated previous to that date, their Arms should have been "Azure a griffin segreant, Or." Again the Arms of the Montagues, after A. D. 1400, who were descended from the 3d Earl of Salisbury, have been quartered with those of the Monthermers, which were "an eagle displayed, vert," while the Boveney branch retains the ancient shield of Sir Simon Montacute (1301).
There are several places where such separation seerns possible.
At Simon (9th generation from Drogo), who married Hawise de St. Amand and had a son William Montague.
Again at the third and youngest son of the first Earl of Salisbury, namely Robert Montague, of whose history nothing has been found.
The pedigree is clear and perfect from the American branch (1634) back to A. D. 1500 and lacks (from there) two generations, possibly three, to make a perfect record back to the conquest of England, A. D. 1066.
VII. MONTAGUE, A ROYAL NAME
Many branches of the Montagues in America, have the tradition that the name Montague is a "ROYAL" name. There is some truth in the tradition. The name in England, however, has not only been descended from royalty, but it has a higher and more lofty significance, for the Montagues were the PARENTS and ancestors of Kings.
As it may be of interest to many of the name and blood, to know exactly how the name has been connected with royalty in ancient times, the following has been carefully compiled, and will be found sufficiently complete to justify the tradition.
Sir Simon Montagu, the 8th in lineal descent from Drogo, (the first, of the name in England) married Aufricia, dau. of Fergus, King of the Isle of Man, descended from Orry, King of Denmark. He became in her right King of Man, and both the isle, and the title as King of the isle, descended to his son and grandson.
Sir Edward Montagu, one of the grandsons of Sir Simon, was a great warrior of his day, was Governor of the Castle of Werk, when that Castle endured a memorable siege by King David of Scotland in 1342. He married Alice, dau. of Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Norfolk, son of King Edward I. by his second Queen, Margaret, dau. of Philip III., or the Hardy, of France. He was called Thomas of Brotherton, because he was born at Brotherton in Yorkshire. Having received, with his title of Earl of Norfolk, the Vast Estates of Roger Bigod the last Earl of Norfolk, he was one of the richest men in England, and his Estates were divided at his death between his two daughters [his only children] Margaret and Alice. He was the founder of Reddenhall church, Earsham Hundred, Co. Norfolk, built of free stone, which in 1770 had the finest Tower of any Co. Parish church in England. His younger daughter, Alice, was born in 1323 and married Sir Edward Montagu in 1344. She brought as her marriage portion to Sir Edward, (among other manors) the manors of Reddenhall, and also Ditchingham Hall, Lodden Hund, Norfolk. Their issue was Edward Montague who held Reddenhall Manor in 1360, but died in 1365, and Etheldred his sister possessed the manor. She married in 1390 Sir Hugh Strauley, Kt. The eldest dau. of Edward and Alice Montagu was Joan. In 1360 she was the wife of William de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk. He was the son of Robert Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, who was the son of Robert steward of the King's House under Edward II. by Cecillia de Valoniis, Lady of Orford. William and Joan had four sons, all died by an untimely death, and William de Ufford himself, in 1381, as he was going to report the opinion of the House of Commons in Parliament, suddenly fell down dead as he was going up stairs to the Upper House.
Margaret, the other dau. of Thomas of Brotherton, and sister of the Lady Alice Montagu, was called Lady Marshall and Countess of Norfolk, she was created Duchess of Norfolk for life, by King Richard II. She married John, lord Segrave, with whom she lived unhappily and traveled all the way to Rome to see the Pope and obtain a divorce. She married (2) Sir Walter Manney, Knight of the Garter, and died March 24, 1399. By her first marriage, Thomas, lord Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk in 1401, was her grandson; he was beheaded at York, with Richard Scrope Archbishop of Canterbury in 1405, but from him was descended the Lady Anne Bolin, wife of King Henry VIII. and mother of Queen Elizabeth. Anne Bolin was thus lineally descended from King Edward I. She was also a Montagu, by the following line of descent: Anne, dau. of Sir John Montagu, 3d Earl of Salisbury, married Sir Richard Hankford and had a dau. Anne, who married Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, whose dau. Margaret became the wife of William Bolin, and the mother of Sir Thomas Bolin who was the father of Anne Bolin wife of King Henry VIII. and mother of Queen Elizabeth. This Queen was then of Montague blood both through her father Henry VIII. and also through her mother Anne Bolin. The following is from Hasted's Hist. of Co. Kent, Vol. XI., p. 92: "Queen Elizabeth was in 1561 presented with a pair of silk stockings by her silk woman, Mrs. Montague, and afterward she never wore cloth ones again." Who this Mrs. Montague was it is difficult to say but it is known that Sir Edward Montagu, Chief Justice of the King's Bench and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, was one of the Executors of the will of King Henry VIII. and also guardian of his son Edward who succeeded him as King Edward VI. This Edward Montague was three times married, and the father of seventeen children.
The elder brother of Sir Edward Montagu (who married Alice) was Sir William Montagu, Ambassador to the Pope, Baron of Denbeigh, Governor of Sherburn and Corffe Castles, Governor of the isles of Guernsey, Jersey, Sark and Alderney, Constable of the Tower of London, and had his crest of an eagle given him by the King4. See Note. Admiral of the fleet, Earl of Salisbury, Ambassador to the Duke of Bavaria, Appointed Earl Marshall of England for life, King of Man, Member of Parliament, and one of the founders of the Royal Order of Knights of the Garter. This great man married Catherine, dau. of William, lord Grandison, descended out of Burgundy, cousin german to the Emperor of Constantinople, the King of Hungary and Duke of Bavaria. She was a lady of great beauty, and history records that she was as good as she was beautiful. Upon one occasion while attending a feast at Windsor Castle she was dancing with King Edward III. and lost her garter which the King took up from the floor. Some of the Nobles that stood around were seen to smile, whereupon the King remarked "that the time should shortly come when the greatest honor imaginable should be paid to that Garter." Thus originated the Royal order of the Knights of the Garter with its motto in French "Honi soit que mal y pense." This order consisted of 26 Knights, and the mightiest Princes of Christendom have reputed it a very great honor to be chosen as a member.
4 The crest of Edward III. was a lion, which has remained the Royal Crest to the present day. The Eagle was a crest which Edward III. distinguishes as his own personal decoration and the granting of it to William Montague was a neat compliment, and kind expression of regard and royal favor, on the part of the King.
The Earl Montague, with that delicate sense of honor and the fitness of things which has distinguished the Montagues from that period to the present, immediately re-granted the Eagle crest with great form, to the Young Prince Lionel, his godson, son of the King, and afterward, that Duke of Clarence whose daughter married the Earl Montague's grandson.
Lady Sibyl Montagu, eldest dau. of this great Earl of Salisbury, married Edmund, son of Edmund Earl of Arundel. He was of royal blood being descended through Hamlyn Plantagenet and thence from William the Conquerer through his dau. Gundred.
Lady Philippa Montagu, second dau. and sister of Sibyl, married Roger Mortimer Earl of March. He was son of Edmund, and grandson of that Roger Mortimer Earl of March who was put to death by Edward III. as related in another part of this introduction. The son of Lady Philippa Montague by this marriage, also named Edmund Earl of March, married Philippa, only daughter of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, [third son of King Edward III.] by Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, dau. of William Earl of Ulster. Their son Roger Mortimer Earl of March was direct heir to the Crown of England and was designed by King Richard as his successor, but he died before the King, leaving issue Edmund and Anne. Edmund was thrown into prison by King Henry IV. who had usurped the Government, and feared Edmund's title to the Crown, where he died of grief and discontent, leaving his sister Anne to inherit the Crown. Lady Anne Mortimer married Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge son of Edmund of Langley who was the fifth son of King Edward III. They had an only son, Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, Protector of England, who fell at the battle of Wakefield 1460, leaving the following children (all of Montagu blood) by his wife Cicily, dau. of Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmoreland, viz: Edward IV. King of England; Edmund Earl of Rutland, slain at Wakefield when only 12 years old; George Duke of Clarence who married Isabel, grand dau of Alice Montague [dau. of Gen'l Thomas Montagu] and was drowned in a barrel of wine; Richard III., King of England; Anne, married to the Duke of Exeter; Margaret, married to Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy; and Elizabeth, married to John De-La-Pole, Duke of Suffolk, who had by her, two sons; John, Earl of Lincoln, Lord Lieut. of Ireland, who was declared heir to the Crown by King Richard III. but lost his life in the battle of Stoke, 1487; Edmund Delapole who succeeded his father as Duke of Suffolk in 1491. He being an heir to the Crown was artfully secured in the Tower by King Henry VII. and at last was beheaded in 1513 by Henry VIII.
The Princess Elizabeth, dau of King Edward IV., of Montagu blood as above stated, married Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, who became Henry VII., King of England, thus uniting the Houses of Lancaster and York, the red rose and the white. She became the mother of King Henry VIII.; also the mother of Margaret, married to King James, IV. of Scotland, who became the grandmother of Mary Queen of Scots; and also the mother of Elizabeth, married to Lewis the XII, King of France. Thus from the marriage of Philippa Montagu to the Earl of March, there was descended a long line of royal personages that includes the Kings and Queens of England more remote of course, to the present day.
Sir William Montagu, eldest son of the great Earl of Salisbury, became the second Earl of Salisbury at the death of his father. He married JOAN, dau. of Edmund Plantagenet Earl of Kent, 3d son of King Edward I. This great Earl of Kent, and son of a King, was beheaded at Winchester in 1380, after he had remained upon the scaffold from noon until five o'clock in the evening, waiting for an executioner; he was so loved by the people that no one was willing to undertake the horrid office, till a malefactor from the Marshalsea was procured to perform it. His daughter Joan was a lady of incomparable beauty, and on account of her extraordinary beauty was styled "the Fair Maid of Kent." She did not long remain the wife of William Montagu, however, for Sir Thomas Holland sent a petition to Pope Clement VI. alleging that he had a prior contract from her, and that the Earl of Salisbury unjustly withheld her from him, whereupon the Pope gave judgment against the Earl, and the "Fair Maid of Kent." was transferred to Sir Thomas Holland who was soon after beheaded, and she became the wife of that immortal hero Edward the Black Prince, eldest son of King Edward III. and by him she became the mother of King Richard II. William Montagu, after his divorce from the "Fair Maid of Kent," married Elizabeth, dau. of John Lord Mohun, one of the Founders of the Knights of the Garter. She was sister of Philippa de Mohun who married Edward Plantagenet, 2d Duke of York, son of Edmund of Langley, 5th son of Edward III. The Lady Mohun, mother of the above Elizabeth, obtained from her husband so much good ground for the common, or park, of the town of Dunstor, as she could in one day compass about, going on her naked feet.
Sir John Montagu, [brother of Philippa Montagu who married the Earl of March], was Steward of the Household of King Richard II. He was buried in Salisbury Cathedral. He married Margaret, dau. of Thomas Monthermer, grand dau. of Joan of Acres, dau. of King Edward I. Joan of Acres was so called because she was born at Acon in the Holy Land. She was the dau. of Edward I. by Eleanor, dau. of Ferdinand III. of Spain. There is a romance connected with the marriage of Joan of Acres. She married first, Gilbert de Claire the red Earl of Gloucester, after his death she secretly married Ralph de Mont-hermer who occupied an inferior position in the King's household. The King, her father, was very angry, threw Ralph into prison, but finally forgave him and made him Earl of Gloucester. Their son Thomas was slain in a sea fight in 1340, leaving one only dau. Margaret who became the wife of Sir John Montagu as above stated. Margaret died March 24, 1394, leaving three sons and four daughters. Two of the daughters became nuns; of the third son Richard Montagu no record has been found. The second son Thomas became Dean of Salisbury and was buried in the Chapel of the Virgin Mary in Salisbury Cathedral. The eldest son Sir John Montagu, became the 3d Earl of Salisbury, and was Earl Marshall of England but at last beheaded. His eldest son Sir Thomas Montagu, Knight of the Garter, became the greatest General of his age. He was the 4th and last Earl of Salisbury and he became such a terror to the French that upon one occasion the entire French army, including the King of France, were put to flight by the mere cry being raised that "Le-Salisbury is coming!" He married Eleanor dau. of Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, she was a grand-daughter of the "Fair Maid of Kent." By this marriage he had an only child, a daughter Alice Montagu who married Richard Nevill Earl of Salisbury in her right, and she became the mother of that great Earl of Warwick called the "King-maker" and "Whirlwind of England," also of John Nevill Marquis of Montagu. She was the grandmother of Isabel, wife of George Duke of Clarence, and of Anne, wife first of Edward son of Henry VI., second, of King Richard III. From her also was descended Edward Earl of Warwick, beheaded at the age of 15 by Henry VII.; Margaret Countess of Salisbury, beheaded at the age of 70 by Henry VIII., Cardinal Reginald Poole, who was elected Pope at Rome, and others. Among the descendants of Philippa Montagu not mentioned above, were the two young Princes, sons of King Edward IV., smothered in the Tower of London by order of their Uncle King Richard III. They were Edward, born in the Sanctuary at Westminster and proclaimed King Edward V. [but never crowned] at the death of his father, though only eleven years old; and Richard Duke of York, born at Shrewsbury.
VIII. MARY WORTLEY
Various branches of the Montagues in America have the name in their families of "Mary Wortley" or the name "Wortley" among some of their children. It is derived from the celebrated literary lady in England - the lady Mary Wortley Montagu. It becomes of interest, in connection with this work, to know something of this lady, to what family of Montague she was a member, and in what way the Wortleys were connected with the Montagues.
On the river Don, in the West-riding of Yorkshire is the town of Wortley, the ancient seat of that family; the male issue of which expired in Sir Francis Wortley, who devised the greatest part of his estate to Anne Newcomen, supposed to be his natural daughter, [Camden p. 723.] She married Sidney Montagu, second son of Edward first Earl of Sandwich, and brother of Edward Montagu the second Earl of Sandwich. In right of his wife he became lord of Wortley and took the name of Wortley.
They had only one son (who lived to manhood) whose name was Edward Wortley Montagu; he was lord of the Treasury in 1714, also was Ambassador in Turkey end died in 1762. He was a gentleman of great political knowledge and influence, and distinguished not only as an eloquent and upright member of parliament, but as a friend of Addison. He married in 1712 Lady Mary, eldest dau. of Evelyn Pierrepoint, Earl and Duke of Kingston. This lady became the celebrated lady Mary Wortley Montagu. Her mother was Mary dau. of William Fielding 3d Earl of Denbigh by a dau. of Sir Robert King, widow of Sir William Meredith. She was not of Montagu descent as far as can be traced. She was born in 1690, received a very learned education in the Greek and Latin classics.
In 1716 she accompanied her husband in his embassy to Constantinople. To her discernment, Europe is indebted for the introduction of smallpox by inoculation, but before she recommended it she made the first experiment upon her own son, and its success proved the means of disseminating the blessings and the continuation of life to thousands.
Upon her return to England she became a great friend of the poet Pope. The letters of Lady Montagu appeared before the public in 1763. She possessed great talent, and inexhaustible powers of language. She died in 1762, leaving one dau. Mary Montagu, Baroness Mountstuart, married to John Stuart, Earl of Bute; and one only son Edward Wortley Montagu. He was remarkable for his eccentricities. He ran away from school and became a chimney sweep, was restored by accident to his parents, but again he left them to join himself to a fisherman, after which he embarked as a cabin boy for Spain, and hired himself there as a servant to a muleteer. Here he was discovered and prevailed upon to return to his friends, who placed him under the care of a tutor, and with him he visited many foreign countries.
On his return he was elected member of parliament, and conducted himself with a propriety becoming his birth and fortune. But soon he again embarked for the East. At Constantinople, he adopted the dress and the manners of the Turks; he kept a numerous seraglio of wives, he sat crosslegged, he wore a long beard, and behaved with all the pomp of oriental consequence. He died in Italy in 1776 aged about 62. He was an author of books of merit - among them, An Examination into the Causes of Earthquakes - Observations on the Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire - Account of the Mountains of Arabia - besides some interesting papers inserted in the Philosophical transactions.
IX. ORIGIN AND ANTIQUITY OF THE NAME MONTAGUE
The name came into England in the year 1066 from Normandy, and originated in the Latin de monte acuto , meaning "of or from a sharp or pointed mountain" [a mountain peak]. It has been written in various forms as de Monte Acuto, Monteacuto, Montacute, Montagute, Montaigut, Montaigu, Montagu, Mountagu, Mountague, Montague. There is a mountain in the Pyrenees of considerable height called Montacuto.
In the Department of Aisne, in France, may be seen the ruins of an old feudal Castle, named Montaigu, situated in a town of the same name. This castle was an important fortress in the tenth century. It was besieged and taken by Louis d’Outre-mer in 948, was twice captured by the English, once in 1375 and again in 1424, and was finally taken by Charles VI. in 1444. There was also a strong fortress of the name of Montaigu, in Vendeé, that was twice besieged in the uprising of 1793. There are several other places in France bearing the name of Montaigu; but that from which the English family sprang was Montagu-les-Bois, in the district of Coutances, in Normandy. Of this place one writer says, "Its ancient lords were famous in the middle ages." In France there were Lords of Montagu, Counts of Chalon, and Eudes; there was Pierre Guerin de Montaigu, Grand Master of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem in 1208; there was Gilles Aycelin de-Montai-gut, Archbishop of Rouen, and the founder of the college of Montagu at Paris, which existed from 1314 till about 1850. Two brothers of the family of this Archbishop attained the dignity of Cardinals.
The name Montagu is a word of three syllables, pronounced Mont-a-gue, and has no connection with the name of two syllables Mon-Tague, which is a corruption of the Irish name of Mac Teague, meaning the son of Teague. Montague, a thousand years ago in Normandy was spelled Montagu. In the Doomsday book of William the Conqueror (1066) it is spelled Montagud, the "d" silent. The early generations in England spelled the name in Latin, Montacute. This was caused Camden says, on account of continuous wars with France, there was a hatred of anything that was French. In English records of the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries, the name is often printed Mountague. In early records in America and upon tombstones it is spelled Mountague. Co. records of Spotts and Orange Va., have the name Mountague and Montecue. The name of Peter Montague on the Va. Muster roll of 1624 is spelled Petter Montecue. [Montecue and Montigue are simply a mis-spell.] The old Peerages in England have the name variously, Mountague, Montague and Montagu.
The titled families however have invariably spelled the name Montagu. This includes the Viscounts Montagu, the Dukes of Montagu, the Earls of Halifax and Sandwich and the Dukes of Manchester, and they undoubtedly have the most ancient way of spelling it. The final "e," as the name is commonly spelled, adds nothing to it, though from long usage one may be as correct as the other.
X. BOVENEY CHURCHYARD Modern Day Photographs
The following beautiful description of the Ancient Church at Boveney, where the ancestors of Peter Montague worshiped, and of the ancient graveyard where their remains repose, is taken from "The Book of the Thames," by Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Hall, London, 1859, and is appropriate in this place as well as worthy of preservation.
"Before we reach Windsor, however, we pass through Boveney Lock. There was a fishery here from a very early period; and it is recorded in the annals of Windsor that, in 1201, William, the son of Richard de Windsor, gave two marks to the king, in order that the pool and fishery in Boveney might be in the state it was wont to be during the reign of Henry II. The men of this, and all other villages near Windsor, were accustomed to give toll at Windsor of all their merchandize. When Eaton College was building, Boveney and Maidenhead contributed their share of elm-tree wood for its construction. The village is still but a small group of cottages, retaining very primitive features.
Let us step ashore for a brief while, to visit yon 'wee' church, half hidden among lofty trees: It is the CHURCH OF BOVENEY, and is the last of its class we shall encounter; for, although we may meet some more aged and many more picturesque, there will be none along the banks of the great river that so thoroughly represent the homely and unadorned fanes where the simple villagers have been taught to worship. It is very small, and of the most primitive construction, consisting of four walls merely, the chancel end being railed off by wood-work. The font is large and simple in character, and there are traces of early mediaeval work in the external walls; the pulpit is Elizabethan, but the open seats of oak may be much earlier; the roof is arched, but has originally been supported by open timber-work, - the cross-beams now alone remain. We have engraved the interior as an example of one of our sacred edifices, where, through many ages, sate
"The rude forefathers of the hamlet."
After inspecting the interior, and wondering why so small a church. was ever built, we returned to the churchyard, and stood for some little time beneath the shadow of a glorious old tree, whose boughs and foliage formed a protection against rain or sunshine. The old withered woman who had opened the church-door followed, and regretted the gentry should be disappointed, as there was 'nothing to see.' We differed from her, saying there was a great deal that interested us, - could anything be more picturesque or beautiful than the churchyard? She shook her head. ‘The churchyard was thick with graves, some with stones and some without, like any other place of the sort - a poor, melancholy place it was. She thought it so lonely and miserable, and yet sketchers were always making pictures of it; and she had seen a printed book once with a picture of it, and its history all done into print. She could not but think the gentry had very little to write about. Yes, there were stories about those who lay there - many stories. There was a story of two brothers - wicked men, she called them - who died, she could not well tell how; and as to the things cut upon tombstones, she set no count by such grand words - she knew her own know! People could get anything they liked cut on stones if they paid for it. There was a cold, proud man who lived at the Hall when she was a child - a bad, cruel man; his shadow would wither up the young grass, and the look of his eye was as bad as a curse. He died, as he had lived, full up of bitter riches: He was not buried in this churchyard - it was not grand enough for him - but in a fine new one, where so much was put on his tomb about his charity - he who would steal a halfpenny out of a blind man's hat - about his justice, who would rob a foot off the highway to add to his own field - about his being a meek Christian!‘ the woman laughed, scornfully; 'meek! meek! the haughty reprobate! Well, a poor little lad, who had but too good reason to know the falsity of the whole, from first to last, wrote under it, 'It's all lies!' and though every one in the place said the lad was a true lad, and a brave lad, yet he lost his situation, and not one in the place dared give him food or shelter, so he left the neighborhood did the lad; but as sure as that sun is shining above us, so sure is there One who sifts the tares from the wheat - yes, indeed, the tares from the wheat. And I forget how it was, for I married out of the village, and just came back ten years ago, like a crow to the old nest - only he grew rich, through honest labour; and his son is in the Hall now; and the great tombstone was cleared away, and nothing to be seen now but a broad slab, with never a word on it, over the bad man's dust and ashes.'
She was a strange, weird-looking old creature, with odds and ends of information: like an artist who can paint a distance, but not a foreground, the past was with her light and bright enough, but the present was already her grave - she could tell us nothing of the present. She still leant against the old tree, and we were so soothed by the silence and tranquility of the scene, that we lingered among the tombs, when suddenly we heard a quick, light step behind us, and before we could turn around to ascertain whence it came, a thin hand rested on our arm, and a pale face, the lips parted over white and glittering teeth, and the eyes, deep sunk and restless, were advanced so close to our own that we started back almost in terror. ‘Can you tell me the grave?’ she inquired eagerly, but in a low voice: 'oh! if you know it, do tell me! I know he is buried here - they all own that, but they will not tell me where; do tell me - I am sure you will - come, make haste!'
The lady was dressed in faded mourning, the crepe was drawn and crumpled, and the widow's cap beneath her bonnet did not conceal a quantity of fair hair, which looked the fairer from being streaked with grey.
'What grave?' we inquired of the pale, panting little creature, who wrung her hands impatiently, 'what grave?'
'Oh! you know - my husband's! Round and round, across, along - from the first tap of the reveillé to the last drum-roll at night, I seek his grave. I throw myself down and talk to the dead and buried, but they tell me to let them alone: and they say he is not here, but I know he is. We went out in the same ship and returned in the same ship, so we must be both here, you know. We went out in the same ship,' she repeated, mournfully, 'and they buried him here. Oh! have pity - have pity, and help me to find his grave!' She hurried us on, pointing to each green mound we passed - 'It is not that, nor that, nor that - no, no! do not look at the tombstones, there was no time to put one up - the enemy was too fast on us for that!' She cast herself on her knees beside a grave close to a bank, murmuring ‘Charles!' into the long grass, and holding up her finger to indicate that we should keep silence, expecting an answer.
At the instant a tall, venerable gentleman entered the lonely graveyard - 'Jane, my child - my darling,' he said, tenderly, 'here again! Come, my child, we can look for the grave to-morrow.' The old man's eyes were filled with tears; but she did not heed him, murmuring amid the grass. ‘Forgive her,' he said, 'my poor child's mind wanders: her husband was killed at Inkerman, and she fancies he is buried where they were married!' It required some little force to raise her from the sward, and then, after a little struggle, he raised her in his arms, her head resting quietly on his shoulder - the large tree the next moment hid them from our sight
Friday, January 18, 2013 02:18:15 AM
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