The World  Drogo de Monte-acuto's Coat of Arms
People by Date
1000-1100

Drogo (~1040~). "Friend of the family" of William the Conqueror.

Castle Montacute, 1068-1093/1104. An early Norman castle.

Montagues and the Crusades, 1095-1588. A long tradition.

Conon de Montaigu, ?1096?. Crusader. Commander under Godfrey of Bouillon during the First Crusade.

1100-1200

Pedro Guerin de Montagu, 1168-1230. Crusader. Grand Master of the Hospitalers (Knights of Saint John; Knights of Malta).

1200-1300

William de Montagu, ?1216?. One of the rebel Barons excommunicated for backing the Magna Carta.

Pedro de Montaigu, ?-1232. Crusader. One of the most successful Grand Masters of the Knights Templar, from 1219-1232. Led the Christian defense of the Holy Land, supervised building the largest Crusader castle in the Middle East. Key role in the Fifth crusade and Frederick's crusade.

1300-1400

Simon de Montacute, ?-1317. First Baron Montacute. Senior positions in Norman wars in France, Wales, and Scotland. One of the first British admirals, served in all the wars of Edward I.

William de Montacute, ?-1319. Second Baron Montacute. Scottish and Welsh Norman wars, peace negotiator. Commander of the fleet and the royal cavalry. In charge of Aquitane and Gascony (English possesions in France).

William de Montacute, 1301-1344. First (sixth) earl of Salisbury. Close confidant of Edward III, killed two in the queen-mother's chamber while arresting her ally, key role in outbreak of the Hundred Years war. Issued the "declaration" of the Hundred Years War.

Katherine/Catharine/Alys de Montacute (Katharine de Grandison), ?-~1350. Countess of Salisbury. One of the two women after which the Order of the Garter, the oldest and most prestigious English order of chivalry, is purportedly named. Virtuously resisted the advances of the king...

Simon de Montacute, ?-1345. Bishop, Oxford grad...

Joan (the fair maid) of Kent (Joan Plantagenet), 1328-1385. Wife of William de Montacute, marriage annulled directly by the pope; Princess of Wales, mother of king Richard II. The other woman after which the Order of the Garter may have been named.

William de Montacute, 1328-1397. Second (seventh) earl of Salisbury. Commander during early Hundred Years War, at Crecy and Poitiers. Last survivor of the original 25 founding Knights of the Garter. Accidentally killed his own son at a joust, divorced by the Pope from Joan of Kent.

Montagues in the March of Wales, 1330-1354 A typical feudal career.

John de Montacute, 1350?-1400. Third (eighth) earl of Salisbury. Key Lollard and lieutenant of the (now) infamous Richard II, convicted of treason. Politically liberal, he was considered an intellectual Francophile and beheaded by a mob. Lollardry involved the idea that religion should not involve image-worship, pilgrimage, prayers for the dead, rich rewards for the clergy, etc..

Thomas de Montacute/Montagu, 1388-1428. Fourth (ninth) earl of Salisbury, Henry V's field commander. The leading commander of the Hundred Years War; his life is inseperable from the Hundred Years War and vice versa. A key commander at Agincourt. He is one of the first on record to be killed by an artillery shell. He has a curious relation to Joan of Arc. His wife Alice was granddaughter of Geoffrey Chaucer.

1400-1500

Alice Montacute, 1409-?. Famous mother of Richard Neville, the " Kingmaker" during the War of the Roses. Married at either age fifteen or nine...

Nicholas Montacute, ~1466. A historian. He apparently belonged to the "poetic" school of historians...

Richard Montagu (Ladde), ~1471~. Yeoman. A " gateway ancestor" of many Montagu/es. Genealogy related material - cowboys, carpenters, tailors, and on to Virginia!

1500-1600

Sir Edward Montagu, ?-1557. Judge, Chief Justice of the King's Bench and Common Pleas; regent while Edward VI was underage. In charge of Army's Commissary during Prince of Grace rebellion; became rich seizing church lands. Altered king's will in favor of succession of Lady Jane Grey (who was shortly afterwards executed).

Mrs. Alice? Montagu/e ~1560~. The Queen's "Silk Woman", introduced silk stockings to Queen Elizabeth. A woman of mystery.

First Viscount Montagu/e (Anthony Browne), 1528-1592. First Viscount Montagu. Important Catholic loyal to the Queen during the time of the Armada. The Browne's were important in keeping the Catholic faith alive in England as a minority religion.

Edward Montagu, 1562-1644. First Baron Montagu of Boughton. Politician, "royalist". The original creator of the first Thanksgiving, in response to the failure of the Gunpowder Plot to kill all of Parliament and the king using the equivalent of a truck-bomb.

?? Montagu, ?-1588. Lord ?? Montagu. English Catholic, killed fighting for the Spanish against Dutch/English forces while serving aboard the Portugese flagship San Mateo in the Spanish Armada.

Captayne Charles Mountague, ~1592. English captain in Ireland during Tyrone's Rebellion. Commanded the horse at the Yellow Ford (Englands worst defeat in Ireland). He was found innocent in a court-martial regarding an ambush, with the circumstances described in one of the first "official" military histories...

Sir Henry Montagu, 1563?-1642. First earl of Manchester. Judge, Chief Justice of the King's Bench; Treasurer of England and senior statesman; trusted advisor of Charles I, close long-time friend and ally of Francis Bacon . Ordered execution of Sir Walter Raleigh and the Jesuit found guilty of leading the Gunpowder Plot. On original Virginia Company Council to settle Jamestown (as was Francis Bacon).

James Montagu/Mountague, 1568?-1618. Bishop of Winchester. Dean of the Royal Chapel, a close advisor and confidant of James I and Bess of Hardwick. Edited and translated the writings of James. On the original Virginia Company Council to settle Jamestown.

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, 1571-1631. Librarian, record-keeper, his thousand-book library changes history by creating in effect the first public law library and "public-service think-tank". A founder of modern government, and rule by precedence and common-law. Kinsman, neighbor of Hinchinbrooke Montagus.

Second Viscount Montagu (Anthony Maria Browne), 1574-1629. Second Viscount Montagu.

Richard Montagu/e/Mountague, 1577-1641. Bishop, scholar, king's chaplin, favorite theologian of Charles I. Political role defending Church of England from "both sides" (Puritans and Catholics) in Puritan controversy; defending right of the church to tax (tithe); and in controversy over the teachings of Ramus (which influenced the rise of modern science).

Johannes Montague (Jean de la Montague), 1595-1670. Early settler in Dutch New York, physician, politician, and Vice-Director General; school master of first New York public school.

1600-1700

Northamptonshire, the Montagus, the Spencers, and The Parliament of 1624.

Hinchinbrooke Montagu's, Cromwell, The Long Parliament, and the English Civil War.

Edward Montagu, 1602-1671. Second earl of Manchester. Key participant, English Civil War. Initially in command of the Parliamentary army (in revolt against the king). Cromwell's commander, in command at Marston Moor (the bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil), shaped the ensuing peace and the formation of the Restoration. Bitter political enemy of Cromwell. Married in King James' bedroom.

Peter Montague/Mountague, 1603-1659. Early settler and politician in colonial Jamestown, Virginia.

Walter (Wat) Montagu, 1603?-1677. Secret agent; apparently ran the English secret service in France and was a long-time adversary of Richelieu (sinister power behind the French throne). Imprisioned in the Bastile; served as translator and negotiator for Buckingham (king James' favorite); at Buckingham's assasination; had the ear of three great princesses. Converted to Catholicism and defended it in England; Henry, the son of Charles I, was put under his care.

Richard Montague/Montaque, ~1614-1681. Early Massachusetts settler.

Edward Montagu, 1616-1684. Second Baron Montagu of Boughton. Royalist politician, active agent of Charles II, welcomed the Restoration.

Montagues in Jamestown and the Virginia Company.

Sir William Montagu, 1619?-1706. Judge, Chief Baron of the Exchequer.

Edward Mountagu,1625-1672. First earl of Sandwich. Famous Admiral, friend of Cromwell, friend of Charles II, decisive role in end of English Civil war and the start of the Restoration. Enthusiastic young admirer of Cromwell, experienced regimental combat commander by age of twenty, appointed Pepys his secretary, had the fleet restore the king when Parliamentary politics degenerated into endless civil war.

Samuel Pepys, 1633-1703. A cousin of Edward Mountagu, 1625-1672, his detailed diary is perhaps the best source of information on Restoration history. He essentially defined the position that is now, in the U.S., the Secretary of the Navy. Founder of the modern professional British Navy and arguable founder of modern style of Civil Service. The "first great modern civil servant" (bureaucrat)!

Jemima Montagu, ~1665. Daughter of first earl of Sandwich. Her arranged marriage is intimately documented by Samuel Pepys.

Robert Montagu,1634-1683. Third earl of Manchester.

Edward Montagu,1635-1665. Young politician and adventurer; favored Restoration. Killed at Battle of Bergen in Norway (an attempt to hijack the treasure-laden Dutch East Indies fleet); remembered for his premonition of death; comrade of poet Lord Rochester.

Ralph Montagu, 1638?-1709. Duke of Montagu. "Scheming" politician and womanizer. He played an important role in the rise of party politics in England (the Whigs) and triggered the fall of the catholic Stuart kings. Had a famous simultaneous affair with both a duchess and her daughter; married an insane heiress by pretending to be an emperor. Patron of John Lock, Robert Boyle, and others...

Edward Montagu,1647-1688. A vignette regarding the foundation of modern science.

John Montagu, 1655?-1728. Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1683-~1700. Received his Doctorate by direct decree of the King. Dean of Durham. Upon leaving Trinity, his position was offered to Newton, who turned it down. He was Master of Trinity during very troubled academic times...

Charles Montagu, 1660?-1722. First Duke of Manchester. Diplomat. Became an active supporter of protestant Prince of Orange (William and Mary); raised troops that immediatly supported William when he landed in England...

Charles Montagu, 1661-1715. Earl of Halifax. Innovative finance minister; principal patron and lifelong friend, supporter, and companion of Sir Isaac Newton; founded the Bank of England and modern form of government financing by national debt; "common-law" husband of Isaac Newton's niece.

Sir James Montagu, 1666-1723. Judge, attorney-general.

John Montagu, 1688-1749. Second Duke of Montagu. Courtier. His house became the first British Museum. Attempted to colonize two West Indies islands.

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, 1689-1762. Writer, early "feminist", socialite, and traveler, introduced smallpox innoculation in England. Considered the leading "woman of letters" of her century, introduced many words into the english language and had a significant indirect influence on the advance of medicine.

1700-1800

George Montagu, 1713-1780. His extensive correspondence with Horace Walpole, famous man-of-letters, is widely available. Walpole's correspondence is an important source of historical material, somewhat similar to Pepy's journal.

George Montagu (Brudenell), 1712-1790. Duke of Montagu, fourth Earl of Cardigan. Governor to Prince of Wales; Captain of Windsor Castle.

Edward Wortley Montagu, 1713-1776. Playboy, dilettante, author, and traveler - dysfunctional rebel child! Chased across the Sinai!

George Montagu Dunk, 1716-1771. Second Earl of Halifax. Active in founding Nova Scotia and expanding American commerce and colonies. Wrote perhaps the most famous Warrant in Anglo-American Law. The "father of the colonies".

John Montagu, 1718-1792 . Fourth Earl of Sandwich. First Lord of the Admiralty, rebuilt the English Navy, but America was lost "on his watch". Villified as the "fall guy" for the loss of the first British empire, he actually may have pulled off a coup with quite a long historical shadow in salvaging as much from the wreck as he did... Invented the "Sandwich"!

Edward Montague and the American Revolution. Agent for Virginia (the official representative of the Virginia Assembly to the English government). Ten years with Ben Franklin and the boys... Significant political and legal ground-work for the American revolution.

John Montagu/Mountagu, 1719-1795. Admiral. In charge of the British navy in North America during the revolution (he watched the Boston Tea Party take place under his window...).

William Montagu, 1720?-1757. Naval Captain, earned the well-deserved moniker "Mad Montagu".

Elizabeth Montagu, 1720-1800. Socialite, invented the "blue-stocking" high-society social gathering. Publicized Shakespear internationally. Had an appreciable effect on the evolution of intellectual and scientific culture.

Frederick Montagu, 1733-1800. Politician, Lord of the Treasury.

George Montagu, 1737-1788. Fourth Duke of Manchester. Advocate of American colonists, leader of the Whigs.

Charles Greville Montagu, 1741-1783. Last Colonial Governor of South Carolina. During the American revolution, raised a regiment of captured American prisoners to fight for the British against the Spanish in Central America. After the war settled many of these troops in Nova Scotia.

Pierre Francois de Montaigu. Comte (Count) de Montaigu, French ambassador to Venice (1743-1777), Jean-Jacques Rousseau's boss.

James Montagu, 1752-1794. Navy Captain, fought in the revolution, in India, against the French, ... in command of the Montagu.

Edward Montagu, 1755-1799. Artillery officer in India.

Sir George Montagu, 1750-1829. Admiral, fought in the revolution and against Spain and France. Command role in famous action of Howe's Grand Fleet during the Napoleonic wars.

George Montagu, 1751-1815. Biologist, one of earliest members of Linnean Society, helped shape the formation of modern biology; one of those that provided the foundation for Darwin, who was quite laudatory of his work...

Soldiers of the American Revolution.

William Montagu, 1768-1843. Fifth Duke of Manchester. Governor of Jamaica.

Basil Montagu, 1770-1851. Son of John Montagu, fourth earl Sandwich and mistress Martha Ray. Developed significant amount of "modern" Bankruptcy Law, first to publish the collected works of Francis Bacon.

John Montagu, 1797-1853. Soldier, Colonial Secretary of Tasmania and South Africa. Significant role in forming Australian and South African government.

Daniel Montague, 1798-1876. Early American settler in Texas. Soldier and surveyor. President of the Court at the Great Hanging in Gainesville, which executed 42 during the Civil War to destroy a pro-Northern plot; member of the Snively anti-Mexico privateering raid.

1800-1900

Algernon Sidney Montagu, 1802-1880. Scandalous "mad Judge" at the ends of the earth (Australia, Falklands, Sierra Leone). Australian Supreme Court justice.

Alexander Montague, 1815-1898. Australian pioneer, politician, and a founder of Cooma, NSW.

Robert Latane Montague, 1819-1880. President of Virginia Secession Convention, Lt-Governor of Virginia, Confederate Congress Representative. One of the core politicians of the Confederacy.

Civil War Soldiers.

Samuel Skerry Montague, 1830-1883. Chief Engineer of the Central Pacific Railroad. In charge of building the western half of the first transcontinental railroad; significant role in the modern layout of California and Nevada. Leland Stanford's engineer (of Stanford University fame).

William Lewis Montague, 1831-1908. Amherst Linguistics Professor, Registrar, and Family Historian.

Samuel Montagu (Montagu Samuel), 1832-1911. International financier and famous Jewish activist.

Oliver George Powlett Montagu, 1844-1893. Colonel, British Army, Egyptian campaign.

Andrew Philip Montague, 1854-1928. President of 4 colleges, Latin scholar and classicist.

George Prescott Montague, 1854-1928. Lawyer before the Supreme Court, businessman, aviation enthusiast.

Walter Humphries Montague, 1858-1915. Canadian doctor, Minister of Agriculture and Public Works, Secretary of State.

Andrew Jackson Montague, 1862-1937. Progressive Governor of Virginia and 12 term U.S. Congressman.

Daniel Montague, 1867-1912. Sailor, Master-At-Arms. Received the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Spanish-American war.

Charles Edward Montague, 1867-1928. Famous author, journalist, World War I soldier, poet.

Alice Montague, 1869-1929. Mother of the women who caused the only voluntary abdication of the throne in British history. (A fascinating story - a dirt poor Apallachian childhood, a single-woman alone through war-torn China in the 1920's, a scandalous affair with the King of England...).

William Pepperell Montague, 1873-1953 . Influential American philosopher; one of the founder's of the pragmatic "New Realism".

Edwin Samuel Montagu, 1879-1924. British Minister of Munitions in 1916, Secretary of State for India (1917-1922), and key participant in drafting the Balfour Declaration.

Gilbert Holland Montague, 1880-1961 . Pro-business antitrust lawyer and economist, book collector; FDR's economics instructor. Involved (adversarily) at the top levels in the formation of FDR's New Deal. A relative of Emily Dickinson, he maintained an extensive collection of her correspondence.

Percival John Montague, 1882-1966 . Canadian soldier and judge, chief of staff and judge advocate general of Canadian army overseas during WWII.

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