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Civil War Soldiers

A number of Montagues appear in military records from the American Civil War. There were a good number of Montagues on both sides. I'm going to try to summarize referenced data here. If you have additional information, please bring it to my attention!

Confederate P.O.W.'s: Soldiers & Sailors Who Died in Federal Prisons & Military Hospitals in the North, by Ingmire and Ericson, consists of records from the National Archives. It includes the following among those who died at Camp Butler, Springfield, Illinois:

Montague, John W.
F Troop, 9th Battn. Tenn. Cav.
Date of death: 5/15/1862.
Grave: 515 C.S.

The Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the United States Army lists officers of state volunteer units. The following are included:

Second Regiment, Michigan Infantry.
Second Lieut: Calvin S. Montague, promoted (and left the regiment) to Captain, 102d U.S. Colored Troops, March 11, 1864.

Official Register Annotation:

"This regiment was organized at Detroit, Michigan, May 25, 1861, to serve three years. On the expiration of its term of service the original members (except veterans) were mustered out, and the organization, composed of veterans and recruits, retained in service until July 28, 1865, when it was mustered out in accordance with orders from the War Department."

Battles of this regiment: First Bull Run, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Glendale, Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Chantilly, Frederiksburg, Siege of Vicksburg, Jackson, Blue Springs, Campbell Station, Siege of Knoxville, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Coal Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, Popular Sring Church, Ream's Station, Hatcher's Run.

It's a wonder anyone was left.

One Hundred and Second Regiment, U.S. Colored Infantry.
Major: Calvin S. Montague, 19 June '65, Brevet Lieut. Col., 30 Sept, 1865.

Official Register Annotation:

"This regiment was organized at Detroit, Mich., Februrary 17, 1864 as the 1st regiment Michigan colored volunteers, to serve three years. Its designation was changed to 102d regiment U.S. colored troops May 23, 1864. It was mustered out of service September 30, 1865."

Battles of this regiment: Honey Hill, Deveaux Nexk, Salkehatchie, Bradford's Spring, and Swift's Creek.

The regiment seems to have suffered about 1 killed, 1 wounded, and 1 missing in each of these battles.

One Hundred and Fortieth Regiment, Ohio Infantry.
First Lieutenant: Theodore G. Montague, Adj't.

Official Register Annotation:

"This regiment was organized at Gallipolis, Ohio, May 10, 1864, to serve one hundred days. It was mustered out September 3, 1864, by reason of expiration of term of service."

There is no information included concerning battles or casualties for this unit.

Thirty-Seventh Regiment, Massachsetts Infantry.
Lieut. Colonel: George L. Montague, (Brevet Colonel, August 1, 1864).
(He is listed as a casualty, Discharged (as opposed to Died), on March 3, 1865.)

Official Register Annotation:

"This regiment was organized at Pittsfield, Mass., from August 30, 1862, to September 4, 1862, to serve three years. It was musterd out of service June 21, 1865, in accordance with orders from the War Department."

Battles of this regiment: Fredericksburg, Mayre's Heights, Salem Heights, Gettysburg, Rappahansock station, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Coal Harbor, Petersburg, Fort Stevens, Opequan.

Another regiment that appears to have sustained heavy casualties.

One Hundred and Thirty-Seventh Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry.
First Lieutenant: John A. Montague,

Official Register Annotation:

"This regiment was organized at Harrisburg, Pa., in August and September, 1862, to serve nine months. It was mustered out June 1, 1863, by reason of expiration of term of service."

The "battles annotation" of this regiment is slightly unusual:

"(The official list of battles in which this regiment bore an honorable part is not yet published in orders.)"

This regiment lost at least one first lieutenant at Harrisburg, Pa., Nov 6, 1862.

The Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers microfilm on-line at the national Archives lists the following unit:

Montague's Battalion, Confederate Heavy Artillery (4th Battalion, Confederate Heavy Artillery) (you will have to search text).

A family history page maintained by Barbara Anne Bonham contains the following describing Pvt. William Farthing:

"He had enisted into the 53rd. Regiment Virginia Infantry. This company was formerly Captain Penick's Company, Montague's Battalion, Virginia Infantry.

The 53rd Regiment Virginia Infantry was organized December 1, 1861, by the consolidation of Montague's and Tomlin's Battalions and Waddill's Company Virginia Infantry." (Bonham)

This unit also appears at a site listing Virginia Confederate Infantry Units (you will have to search text).

The 32nd Virginia Artillery Brigade is listed under Col. E. B. Montague in the confederate order of battle at Frederiksburg (you will have to search text).

I assume that the battle Coal Harbor that appears in the Official Army Register is what is now generally called Cold Harbor. Some civil war expert please correct me if not!

Confederate P.O.W.'s, National Archives.
Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force of the United States Army, Secretary of War.

Family Research and History Section Maintained by Bruce R. Montague:
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